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Apache Training: Introduction to Apache httpd

Course Number: SRV-120
Duration: 2 days
view course outline

Apache Training Overview

Apache httpd is the world's leading Web server software. In this course, attendees learn how to set up, configure, administer, and secure Apache httpd 2.4, 2.2, or 2.0.

Location and Pricing

Most Accelebrate courses are delivered as private, customized, on-site training at our clients' locations worldwide for groups of 3 or more attendees and are custom tailored to their specific needs. Please visit our client list to see organizations for whom we have delivered private in-house training. These courses can also be delivered as live, private online classes for groups that are geographically dispersed or wish to save on the instructor's or students' travel expenses. To receive a customized proposal and price quote for private training at your site or online, please contact us.

In addition, some courses are available as live, online classes for individuals. See a schedule of online courses.

Apache Training Prerequisites

All attendees should be familiar with general principles of Web server administration.

Hands-on/Lecture Ratio

This Apache httpd training class is 70% hands-on, 30% lecture, with the longest lecture segments lasting for 20 minutes. Students "learn by doing," with immediate opportunities to apply the material they learn to real-world problems.

Apache Training Materials

All Apache httpd training students receive a copy of Apress' Pro Apache and related courseware.

Software Needed on Each Student PC

  • At least 3GB RAM and 10GB hard drive space
  • The latest version of VMware Player Plus, Workstation, or Fusion
  • An unzipped copy of the virtual machine Accelebrate provides

Apache Training Objectives

  • To learn how to build, configure, monitor, and tune Apache httpd 2.4, 2.2, or 2.0
  • To master deploying Web sites and server-side applications to Apache httpd
  • To discover how to secure applications running on Apache httpd

Apache Training Outline

  • Introduction
  • Downloading and installing Apache server
    • Downloading
    • Building Apache httpd from source
      • Why build from source?
      • Downloading the source
      • Choosing an MPM
      • Setting configuration options
      • Selecting modules to enable/disable
    • Installing Apache httpd from a package (the package environment used would be set based on your platform)
  • Starting, Stopping, and Restarting Apache HTTP
  • Configuration with httpd.conf
    • Directives, containers, and comments
    • Container scopes
    • Options
    • Determining which module is supplying the given directive
    • Determining where a directive is valid
  • Setting up virtual hosts
    • IP-based
    • Name-based
    • Port-based
    • Running several Apache daemons simultaneously
  • Handling service of MIME and file types
  • mod_alias
    • Alias and AliasMatch
    • Redirect and RedirectMatch
      • Understanding various redirect http status codes
    • ScriptAlias and ScriptAliasMatch
  • Directory indexing
    • Controlling IndexOptions
    • Controlling headers and footers
    • Excluding files from indexing
    • Security issues
  • mod_rewrite
    • Regular expressions primer (if needed)
    • Why rewrite URLs?
    • Turning on the rewrite engine
    • Configuring mod_rewrite logging
    • RewriteRule and RewriteCond
    • Common URL rewriting tasks
      • Redirecting http requests to https
      • Mapping URL pieces to query string parameters
      • Filtering requests by IP
      • Other common rewriting tasks
  • Performance tuning and load testing
    • Monitoring Apache httpd with mod_status
    • Building Apache with just the modules you need
    • Tuning your specific MPM
    • Load testing with ab
    • Load testing with JMeter
    • Caching and proxying
    • Other performance enhancement strategies
  • Logging and Troubleshooting
    • Error logging and interpreting the error logs
    • Access logs and interpreting your access logs
    • Log rotation
    • Apache httpd troubleshooting for crashes, freezes, errors, and other situations
    • Apache httpd tracing
  • Handlers and filters
  • Working with SSIs (server-side includes)
  • Managing applications on Apache (only the application platforms applicable to your environment would be taught)
    • Perl and mod_perl
    • PHP
    • Java (running on Apache Tomcat or another application server behind Apache httpd)
  • Basics of Apache security
    • Items to consider when creating a strategy
    • Understanding file permissions
    • Limiting modules and extensions
    • SSI and .htaccess settings
    • Writing safer scripts
  • Fundamentals of authentication and authorization
    • Basic authentication
    • Digest authentication
    • Database authentication modules
    • Access control
    • LDAP authentication
  • SSL with mod_ssl
    • Building Apache with SSL support
    • Generating a certificate signing request
    • Protecting your server's private key
    • Installing a certificate
    • Generating a self-signed certificate for testing purposes
    • Requiring SSL for specific URLs
  • Other topics upon request
  • Conclusion