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Administering Apache Tomcat

SRV-100 (2 Days)
4.61 out of 5 (952 reviews)  

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Apache Tomcat Training Overview

Apache Tomcat is the most popular platform for deploying Java-based™ Web applications. In this two-day course, attendees learn how to administer the Tomcat server, deploy applications to the server, ensure the server's security, troubleshoot problems, and cluster Tomcat to ensure high availability.

Note: This course can be taught using Tomcat 9.0, 8.5, 8.0, 7.0, or 6.0, with topics added or removed as appropriate to your version. This course can also be easily adapted to teach administration of TomEE Web Profile.

Location and Pricing

Most Accelebrate courses are delivered as private, customized, on-site training at our clients' locations worldwide for groups of 3 or more attendees and are custom tailored to their specific needs. Please visit our client list to see organizations for whom we have delivered private in-house training. These courses can also be delivered as live, private online classes for groups that are geographically dispersed or wish to save on the instructor's or students' travel expenses. To receive a customized proposal and price quote for private training at your site or online, please contact us.

In addition, some courses are available as live, online classes for individuals. See a schedule of online courses.

Apache Tomcat Training Objectives

  • Set up and configure Apache Tomcat
  • Deploy Java web applications to the Tomcat server
  • Configure Tomcat valves for access logging, single sign-on, and access control
  • Monitor Tomcat via its JMX MBeans and a variety of tools, including JConsole, VisualVM, and PSI Probe
  • Tune Tomcat for optimal performance
  • Configure Tomcat logs and troubleshoot Tomcat
  • Secure Tomcat
  • Build and monitor database connection pools
  • Run Tomcat behind a web server, such as Apache httpd or Microsoft IIS
  • Build Tomcat clusters to ensure high availability

Apache Tomcat Training Outline

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Introduction
Overview of the Apache Software Foundation and the Jakarta Project
Overview of Java EE as a platform
Overview of the features and functionality specifically provided by Tomcat
Installing Tomcat
Installing the Java Runtime Environment (JRE)
Performing the Tomcat installation (with nuances specific to your operating system discussed)
Examining the Tomcat installation directories
bin
conf
lib
logs
temp
webapps
work
Configuring Tomcat
server.xml (detailed walkthrough)
web.xml
context.xml
Tomcat Valves
AccessLog
RequestFilterValve
Selective coverage of other filters as needed in your environment
Discussion of how filters are progressively replacing valves
Memory management and JMX monitoring
Understanding Java garbage collection
Using JAVA_OPTS, JMX and JConsole to monitor and tune Tomcat memory usage
Sizing Tomcat's JVM memory heap
Using JMX and JConsole to configure Tomcat via Tomcat's MBeans
Updating Tomcat's configuration via JMX "on the fly" without restarting Tomcat
Load testing with JMeter
Using VisualVM (new monitoring tool built into JDK 6) and PSI Probe
Controlling JMX MBeans via Ant
Logging
JULI logging
log4j logging
Understanding exceptions and thread dumps
Connecting databases with Tomcat applications
Classic JDBC approach
Better approach: JNDI resources
Setting up and monitoring database connection pools
Security
File system security
Java security manager
Realms, authentication, and authorization
SSL (optional)
Closing potential security holes in Tomcat’s default configuration
Performance tuning strategies
Additional JVM tuning tips
Changing to a different garbage collector (Parallel, Concurrent Mark Sweep, or G1)
Building native connectors
Disabling/removing unneeded applications
Tuning incoming connections and back-end database connection pools
Turning off Jasper development mode
Precompiling JSPs
Preloading servlets
Turning off autodeploy and automatic watching of web.xml files
Tomcat 8/9 New Features [optional]
Memory leak prevention and detection
Support for new versions of the Servlet, JSP, and EL specs(and the practical implications of this for Tomcat admins)
Cross-site request forgery prevention (and how to configure)
Session fixation attack prevention
Alias support (which allow static content to be stored outside the WAR file)
Reference links for your developers
Running Tomcat behind Apache httpd or IIS [this section would be taught using your web server and connector module of choice]
Why run Tomcat behind Apache httpd or IIS?
Installing mod_jk (Apache httpd or IS) or mod_proxy_ajp and mod_proxy_balancer (Apache httpd 2.2 or later only)
Proxying traffic to Tomcat via AJP
Monitoring the status of your web server's connection to Tomcat
Load balancing Tomcat via mod_jk or mod_proxy_balancer
Tomcat Clustering
Configuring mod_jk (in Apache or IIS) or mod_proxy_balancer (Apache 2.2 or later only) as a load balancer
Hardware load balancing as an alternative to software load balancing
Sticky sessions
Session Replication using <Cluster />
Configuring the application to be distributable
Setting up and testing failover
Alternative session replication back-ends
Conclusion
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Lecture percentage

40%

Lecture/Demo

Lab percentage

60%

Lab

Course Number:

SRV-100

Duration:

2 Days

Prerequisites:

All attendees should be familiar with general principles of Web server administration and have some experience building Web applications. Prior experience with Java as an application server administrator or developer is helpful but not required.

Training Materials:

All attendees receive Accelebrate's comprehensive courseware and a two-page checklist of performance tuning and security suggestions.

Software Requirements:

  • At least 3GB RAM and 10GB hard drive space.
  • The course can be taught using any modern operating system, including Windows, Linux, MacOS X, and Solaris. Upon request, a VMware VM can be provided with a self-contained Linux environment for the training.

Contact Us:

Accelebrate’s training classes are available for private groups of 3 or more people at your site or online anywhere worldwide.

Don't settle for a "one size fits all" public class! Have Accelebrate deliver exactly the training you want, privately at your site or online, for less than the cost of a public class.

For pricing and to learn more, please contact us.

Contact Us

Toll-free in US/Canada:
877 849 1850
International:
+1 678 648 3113

Toll-free in US/Canada:
866 566 1228
International:
+1 404 420 2491

925B Peachtree Street, NE
PMB 378
Atlanta, GA 30309-3918
USA

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